The Government and Politics department deeply values the voices and perspectives of all people. We are committed to having a diverse department that recognizes and appreciates the differences in race, ethnicity, culture, gender, sexual orientation, religion, age, abilities, class, nationality, and other factors. Our department prioritizes diversity and seeks to foster a diverse community reflected in its faculty, staff, and students.

The department is committed to being a place that values differences, provides equal opportunity, fosters mutual respect, challenges stereotyped preconceptions, and condemns all forms of discrimination and prejudice. We are committed to increasing the representation of those populations that have been historically marginalized and excluded from participation in U.S. higher education and government and politics, specifically. We understand that drawing upon diverse perspectives and experiences is central to creating a welcoming and rich academic, intellectual, and cultural environment for everyone.

The events that have transpired in the shadow of the COVID-19 crisis, including the killing of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and Ahmaud Arbery are reminders of the significant political, social, and economic injustices that many of us are working diligently as political scientists to help solve. 

As we witness unrest breaking out across our country, it is natural to feel sad, angry, fearful, and despondent. Please reach out to your friends, family, colleagues, and students who can use your support and attention. The Office of Diversity and Inclusion has prepared this resource, and the Counseling Center is available to help students, staff, and faculty.


Intersectionality: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Sexuality  

Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1995. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color.” In Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement. Kimberle Crenshaw, Neil Gotanda, Gary Peller, and Kendall Thomas (eds.). New York: The New Press. Pp. 357-383. 

Gutiérrez y Muhs, G., Niemann, Y.F., González, C.G. and Harris, A.P., 2012. Presumed incompetent: The intersections of race and class for women in academia. Boulder: University Press of Colorado. 

Gay, Claudine and Katherine Tate. 1998. “Doubly Bound: The Impact of Gender and Race on the Politics of Black Women.” Political Psychology 19: 169-84.

Cohen, Cathy J. 1999. The Boundaries of Blackness: AIDS and the Breakdown of Black Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Harris-Lacewell, Melissa. 2003. Barbershops, Bibles, and B.E.T.: Everyday Talk and Black Political Talk. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Jordan-Zachery, J. S. (2007). “Am I a black woman or a woman who is black? A few thoughts on the meaning of intersectionality.” Politics & Gender, 3 (2): 254-263. 

Strolovitch, D. Z., Wong, J. S., & Proctor, A. 2017. "A possessive investment in white heteropatriarchy? The 2016 election and the politics of race, gender, and sexuality." Politics, Groups, and Identities 5(2), 353–363.


Carmichael, S., Hamilton, C.V. and Ture, K., 1992. Black power: The politics of liberation in America. Vintage.

Dawson, M.C., 1995. Behind the mule: Race and class in African-American politics. Princeton University Press.

X, Malcolm. 1965. Malcolm X: The Last Speeches. Pathfinder Press. “Not Just an American Problem but a World Problem.” 151-181.

Herrnson, P.S., Rouse, S.M. and Taylor, J.A., 2020. "The Impact of Electoral Arrangements on Minority Representation: District Magnitude and the Election of African American State Legislators." Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy 19(1), 64-78.

 McKenzie, B.D. and Rouse, S.M., 2013. "Shades of faith: Religious foundations of political attitudes among African Americans, Latinos, and Whites." American Journal of Political Science, 57(1), 218-235.

Swers, M.L. and Rouse, S.M., 2011. "Descriptive Representation: Understanding the Impact of Identity on Substantive Representation of Group Interests." In The oxford handbook of the American Congress.

Rouse, Stella M., and Ashley D. Ross. 2018. The Politics of Millennials: Political Beliefs and Policy Preferences of America's Most Diverse Generation. University of Michigan Press.

Yashar, D. J. 2015. "Does Race Matter in Latin America: How Racial and Ethnic Identities Shape the Region's Politics." Foreign Affairs 94: 33-40.

Barreto, Matt A., Lorrie Frasure-Yokley, Edward D. Vargas and Janelle Wong. 2018. “Best practices in collecting online data with Asian, Black, Latino, and White respondents: evidence from the 2016 Collaborative Multiracial Post-election Survey.” Politics, Groups, and Identities, 6(1), 171-180.

Post-Colonial Legacies  

Hanchard, M.G., 1998. Orpheus and Power: The Movimento Negro of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, Brazil 1945-1988. Princeton University Press.

Bhambra, G. K. et al. July 2020. "Why is Mainstream International Relations Blind to Racism?" Foreign Policy.

Dixon, K. and Johnson III, O.A. eds., 2018. Comparative Racial Politics in Latin America. Routledge.

Social Movements 

Lee, Taeku. 2002. Mobilizing Public Opinion: Black Insurgency and Racial Attitudes in the Civil Rights Era. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gillion, D.Q., 2020. The Loud Minority: Why Protests Matter in American Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Group-Based Inequality 

Banks, Antoine J., Ismail K. White and Brian D. McKenzie. 2019. “Black Politics: How Anger Influences the Political Actions Blacks Pursue to Reduce Racial Inequality.” Political Behavior 41: 917-943.

Banks, Antoine J. and Heather K. Hicks. 2019. “The Effectiveness of a Racialized Counter-Strategy.” American Journal of Political Science 63(2): 305-322.

Banks, Antoine J. and Heather K. Hicks. 2016. “Fear and Implicit Racism: Whites’ Support for Voter ID Laws.” Political Psychology 37(5): 641-658.

Banks, Antoine J. and Nicholas A. Valentino. 2012. “Emotional Substrates of White Racial Attitudes.” American Journal of Political Science 56: 286-297.

Johnson, M., 2020. "Electoral Discrimination: The Relationship between Skin Color and Vote Buying in Latin America." World Politics, 72(1), 80-120.

Kinder, D.R., Sanders, L.M. and Sanders, L.M., 1996. Divided by Color: Racial Politics and Democratic Ideals. University of Chicago Press.

Wong, J.S., 2019. "Race, Evangelicals and Immigration." In The Forum 17 (3): 403-419. 


Ross, A.D. and Rouse, S.M., 2015. "Economic uncertainty, job threat, and the resiliency of the millennial generation's attitudes toward immigration." Social Science Quarterly, 96(5), 1363-1379.

Gay, Claudine. 2006. “Seeing Difference: The Effect of Economic Disparity on Black Attitudes Toward Latinos.” American Journal of Political Science 50 (4).

Race and Education

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed (30th anniversary). Continuum.

Tatum, B. D. (1997). Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria? and other conversations about race (First). BasicBooks.